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Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

Тема: Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

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What are the computer programs used for?
A computer to complete a job requires more than just the actual equipment or hardware we see and touch. It requires software – programs for directing the operation of a computer or electronic data.
Software is the final computer system component. These computer programs instruct the hardware how to conduct processing. The computer is merely a general-purpose machine which requires specific software to perform a given task. Computers can input, calculate, compare, and output data as information. Software determines the order in which these operations are performed.
Programs usually fall in one of two categories: system software and applications software.

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Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности

Тема: Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности

Расположите пропущенные предложения в таком порядке, чтобы получился связный текст.
1_______. Based on capacity, speed and reliability they can be divided into three categories of computers:
1. The mainframe computers are computers used by large organizations like meteorological surveys and statistical institutes for performing bulk mathematical computations. 2_______.
2. The microcomputers are the most frequently used computers better known by the name of “personal computers”. 3_______.
3. The minicomputers like the mainframe computers are used by business organization. 4_______.

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Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и логическое завершение предложения

Тема: Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и логическое завершение предложения

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When computers were first introduced in the 1940’s and 50’s, every program written had to provide instructions that told the computer how to use devices such as the printer, how to store information on a disk, as well as how to perform several other tasks not necessarily related to the program. The additional program instructions for working with hardware devices were very complex, and time-consuming. Programmers soon realized it would be smarter to develop one program that could control the computer’s hardware, which others programs could have used when they needed it. With that, the first operating system was born.
Today, operating systems control and manage the use of hardware devices such as the printer or mouse. They also provide disk management by letting you store information in files. The operating system also lets you run programs such as the basic word processor. Lastly, the operating system provides several of its own commands that help you to use the computer.
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Today, operating systems control and manage the use of …

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Распознавание значений слов по контексту

Тема: Распознавание значений слов по контексту

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The people connected to the Internet and World Wide Web through the local providers have access to a variety of information. Each browser provides a graphical interface. You move from place to place, from site to site on the Web by using a mouse to click on a portion of text, icon or region of a map. These items are called hyperlinks or links. Each link you select represents a document, an image, a video clip or an audio file somewhere on the Internet. The user doesn’t need to know where it is, the browser follows the link.

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Диалогическая речь

Тема: Диалогическая речь

Дополните диалог:
Alice: Where are you going, Paul?
Paul: 1_______.
Alice: Do you often work in the Internet centre?
Paul: Not very often. But I like to work 2_______.
Alice: As far as I’m concerned, a computer is almost a human machine!
Paul: Oh, I believe that 3_______. A computer usually replaces people in dull, routine tasks. It works according to 4_______, given to it.
Alice: In my opinion, it’s a fascinating machine.
Paul: Exactly.

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Распознавание значений слов по контексту

Тема: Распознавание значений слов по контексту

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All sorts of things are available on the WWW. One can use Internet for recreational purposes. Many TV and radio stations broadcast live on the WWW. Essentially, if something can be put into digital format and stored in a computer, then it’s available on the WWW. You can even visit museums, gardens, cities throughout the world, learn foreign languages and meet new friends. And, of course, you can play computer games through WWW, competing with partners from other countries and continents.

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Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности

Тема: Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраивание логической последовательности

Расположите пропущенные предложения в таком порядке, чтобы получился связный текст.
1_______.
The Analog computer is almost an extinct type of computer these days. It is different from a digital computer in respect that it can perform numerous mathematical operations simultaneously. 2_______. It utilizes mechanical, hydraulic, or electrical energy or operation.
Hybrid computers are, as the name suggests, a combination of both Analog and Digital computers. 3_______. But the problem is that they are too slow and incapable of large scale mathematical operation. 4_______.

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Распознавание значений слов по контексту

Тема: Распознавание значений слов по контексту

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Internet access companies or Internet Service Providers (ISPs) provide physical connections that allow you to access the Internet. These connections are called “POPs”, which stands for “points of presence”.
Your computer uses a modem to dial into a POP, which connects you to the Internet. Once connected to a POP, you have access to all the resources of the Internet. Most ISPs will also supply you with software available for work in the Internet: a Web browser.

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Деловое письмо

Тема: Деловое письмо

Заполните пропуски в инструкции следующими словами и фразами:
The modem does not dial the number.
Your hardware may be connected improperly, or the incorrect COM port is specified. 1_______:
1. Make sure the correct cables are attached to the modem and phone jack, and between 2_______.
2. Make sure 3_______ is specified in the Communications dialog box. 4_______ from the Settings menu in Terminal to see how the Connector option is set.

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Профессионально ориентированная лексика, фразеология и термины

Тема: Профессионально ориентированная лексика, фразеология и термины

Словом, которое не относится к теме «Operating Systems», является …

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Перевод текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение)

Тема: Перевод текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение)

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The fixed-line telephones in most residential homes are analogue – that is, the speaker’s voice directly determines the signal’s voltage. Although short-distance calls may be handled from end-to-end as analogue signals, telephone service providers are transparently converting the signal to digital for transmission before converting them back to analogue for reception. The advantage of this is that digitized voice data can travel side-by-side with data from the Internet and can be perfectly reproduced in long distance communication (as opposed to analogue signals that are inevitably impacted by noise).

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Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и логическое завершение предложения

Тема: Чтение текстов с полным пониманием и логическое завершение предложения

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Computer engineering is now the most rapidly growing field. The electronics of computers involve engineers in design and manufacture of memory systems, of central processing units, and of peripheral devices.
One current trend in computer engineering is microminiaturization. Engineers try to place greater and greater numbers of circuit elements onto smaller and smaller chips. Another trend is towards increasing the speed of computer operations through the use of parallel processors and superconducting materials.
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The electronics of computers involve engineers in design and manufacture of memory systems, of central processing units, and of …

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Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

Тема: Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

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What is system software used for?
System software controls standard internal computer activities. An operating system, for example, is a collection of system programs that aid in the operation of a computer regardless of the application software being used. When a computer is first turned on, one of the systems programs is booted or loaded into the computer’s memory. This software contains information about memory capacity, the model of the processor, the disk drives to be used, and more.

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Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

Тема: Перевод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)

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What is CD-ROM used for?
The purpose of storage hardware is to store computer instructions and data in a form that is relatively permanent and retrieve when needed for processing. Storage hardware serves the same basic functions as do office filing systems except that it stores data as electromagnetic signals. The most common ways of storing data are hard disk, floppy disk and CD-ROM.
Hard disk is a rigid disk coated with magnetic material, for storing programs and relatively large amounts of data.
Floppy disk (diskette) – thin, usually flexible plastic disk coated with magnetic material, for storing computer data and programs.
CD-ROM (compact disc read only memory) is a compact disc on which a large amount of digitized read-only data can be stored.

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Перевод текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение)

Тема: Перевод текстов с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение)

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In digital television broadcasting, there are three competing standards that are likely to be adopted worldwide. These are the ATSC, DVB and ISDB standards. All three standards use MPEG-2 for video compression. ATSC uses Dolby Digital AC-3 for audio compression, ISDB uses Advanced Audio Coding (MPEG-2 Part 7) and DVB has no standard for audio compression but typically uses MPEG-1 Part 3 Layer 2. The choice of modulation also varies between the schemes.

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